This is an update to the blog – How Death Summary is Different from Discharge Summary
A discharge summary refers to a clinical report prepared by health professionals that outlines the details of the hospitalization of a patient. Lack of discharge details, diagnosis information or patient’s health status in discharge summaries can lead to poor treatment plans. A discharge summary is an important document to have when discharging patients from a hospital. Physicians can rely on medical transcription companies to get accurate transcripts of discharge summaries and any other medical records.
A structured and accurate discharge summary is crucial –
- For transferring information between the hospital care team and aftercare providers
- To help physicians quickly identify how to respond to the patient’s hospitalization
- To promote patient safety
- For legal purposes to show evidence of patient care, if errors are made
The discharge report must give a summary of everything the patient went through during the hospital admission period – physical findings, laboratory results, radiographic studies and so on.
An AHRQ study points out that the Joint Commission mandates six components to be present in all U.S. hospital discharge summaries. It is crucial for the discharge summaries to adhere to Joint Commission standards. In its study, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) found that 88-100% discharge summaries included five of the six Joint Commission components. The sixth component, “patient’s discharge condition,” was included only least often (79-90%).
The six components that must be included in the patient’s discharge summary are
1. Reason for hospitalization
- Chief complaint or the patient’s primary condition
- History of present illness – description of the patient’s condition during hospital admission such as initial diagnostic evaluation
2. Key findings or diagnosis
- Primary diagnoses – admission/discharge diagnoses
3. Procedures and treatments provided
- Course or events occurring during hospital stay
- Hospital consults – surgical, medical or other specialty consults
- Hospital procedures – surgical, invasive, non-invasive, diagnostic or technical procedures
4. Patient’s discharge condition
- Documentation of the patient’s condition or health status on discharge
5. Patient and family instructions (as appropriate)
- A list of all discharge medications and admission medications
- Activity orders – patient’s activity level upon hospital discharge
- Therapy orders – physical or occupational therapy or why such orders are not present
- Dietary instructions – recommended dietary intake
- Medical follow-up plans – appointment dates and times or specific timeframe for medical follow-up
6. Attending physician’s signature
- Electronic or physical signature of the attending physician
Failure to report any patient discharge condition details may affect patient safety. Reliable medical transcription services can efficiently meet physicians’ patient record documentation needs to a great extent.